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戴尔服务器iDRAC设置Tips

戴尔服务器iDRAC设置Tips

  1. 戴尔服务器iDRAC可以使用 概览-iDRAC设置-设置-时区和NTP 来设置时区和校时;
  2. 戴尔服务器iDRAC可从 概览-服务器-故障排除-SupportAssist-保存收集 来收集Lifecycle日志;
  3. 上一条主要要选择 编辑集合数据 来开启Raid控制器日志;
  4. 收集日志期间,不要关闭、刷新、打开其他标签等,否则会中断日志收集;
  5. 戴尔服务器R630、R730xd需要先将Lifecycle升级到2.41.40版本,然后再升级到2.75.75版本。升级完成之后就可以直接升级BIOS、NIC、SAS等固件了。否则会上传失败;
  6. 命令行设置戴尔服务器时间和时区
# Set NTP settings on a Dell server with iDRAC7
# Set the DNS first to ensure the iDRAC can resolve the NTP host names:
racadm -r 10.1.1.100 -u root -p calvin set idrac.ipv4static.dns1 8.8.8.8
# Set the NTP server names:
racadm -r 10.1.1.100 -u root -p calvin set idrac.NTPConfigGroup.ntp1 0.asia.pool.ntp.org
racadm -r 10.1.1.100 -u root -p calvin set idrac.NTPConfigGroup.ntp2 1.asia.pool.ntp.org
racadm -r 10.1.1.100 -u root -p calvin set idrac.NTPConfigGroup.ntp3 2.asia.pool.ntp.org
# In case it won’t update the time when FQDN’s are used, IP addresses can also be used:
racadm -r 10.1.1.100 -u root -p calvin set idrac.NTPConfigGroup.ntp1 129.250.35.250
racadm -r 10.1.1.100 -u root -p calvin set idrac.NTPConfigGroup.ntp2 180.211.88.50
racadm -r 10.1.1.100 -u root -p calvin set idrac.NTPConfigGroup.ntp3 202.112.29.82
# Enable NTP and set max hops:
racadm -r 10.1.1.100 -u root -p calvin set idrac.NTPConfigGroup.NTPEnable Enabled
racadm -r 10.1.1.100 -u root -p calvin set idrac.NTPConfigGroup.NTPMaxDist 16
# Set the timezone:
racadm -r 10.1.1.100 -u root -p calvin set idrac.time.timezone Japan
解决Windows Update一直为check状态

解决Windows Update一直为check状态

新部署的Windows Server 2012R2服务器在设置了WSUS服务之后,无法完成系统更新,始终处于check update的状态。检查Windows目录下的update log中,有"'FATAL: GetClientUpdateUrl failed, err = 0x8024D009' on all clients"的描述。根据0x8024D009这个关键字,找到了解决的方法:

  1. 重启Windows Update服务(建议)或者重启主机;
  2. 登录Windows补丁站点
  3. 先安装补丁:KB4566425
  4. 然后安装补丁:KB4577066
  5. 通过控制面板,“check for updates”,即可连线打补丁了。

以上的理论依据如下:
1. 什么是服务堆栈更新(SSU)
2. WSUS的安全改进

Windows 8.1 同理。

OCSinventory-NG部署

OCSinventory-NG部署

OCSinventory-NG是一个开源、免费的IT资产管理软件,它支持Windows、Linux、Android、AIX等多种类型资产的信息收集和汇总。

page

安装PHP7和MariaDB

yum install -y epel-release
yum install -y https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/remi/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm
yum update -y

#安装组件
yum -y install yum-utils git
yum-config-manager --enable remi-php74
yum install -y php php-cli php-fpm php-mysqlnd php-zip php-devel php-gd php-mcrypt php-mbstring php-curl php-xml php-pear php-bcmath php-json php-soap php-ldap
yum install -y graphviz
yum install -y perl-XML-Simple perl-Compress-Zlib perl-DBI perl-DBD-MySQL perl-Net-IP perl-SOAP-Lite perl-Archive-Zip perl-Mojolicious perl-Plack perl-XML-Entities perl-Switch
yum install -y httpd

#启动服务
systemctl enable php74-php-fpm.service --now
systemctl enable httpd.service --now

#设置防火墙
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service={http,https}
firewall-cmd --reload

#配置数据库安装源
cat >/etc/yum.repos.d/mariadb.repo <EOF
# MariaDB 10.5 CentOS repository list - created 2020-08-24 10:19 UTC
# http://downloads.mariadb.org/mariadb/repositories/
[mariadb]
name = MariaDB
baseurl = https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/mariadb/yum/10.5/centos7-amd64
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1
EOF

#安装数据库
yum update -y
yum install -y mariadb-server.x86_64 mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb --now

Httpd支持PHP

[root@ocs ~]# vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf

<FilesMatch \.php$>
#    SetHandler application/x-httpd-php
    SetHandler "proxy:fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000"

</FilesMatch> 

#此处略去修改post_max_filesize、upload_max_filesize和timezone

[root@ocs ~]# systemctl restart httpd
[root@ocs ~]# systemctl restart php-fpm

创建数据库

MariaDB [(none)]> create database ocsweb character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;
MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on ocsweb.* to ocs@'localhost' identified by 'ocs';
MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;
MariaDB [(none)]> exit;

部署OCSinventoryServer

[root@ocs ~]# cd /opt/
[root@ocs ~]# git clone https://github.com/OCSInventory-NG/OCSInventory-Server.git
[root@ocs opt]# git clone https://github.com/OCSInventory-NG/OCSInventory-ocsreports.git ocsreports
[root@ocs opt]# cd OCSInventory-Server/
[root@ocs OCSInventory-Server]# sh setup.sh 

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|                                                          |
|  Welcome to OCS Inventory NG Management server setup !   |
|                                                          |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Trying to determine which OS or Linux distribution you use
+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache web server binaries !             |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

CAUTION: If upgrading Communication server from OCS Inventory NG 1.0 RC2 and
previous, please remove any Apache configuration for Communication Server!

Do you wish to continue ([y]/n)?
Assuming Communication server 1.0 RC2 or previous is not installed
on this computer.

Starting OCS Inventory NG Management server setup from folder /opt/OCSInventory-Server
Storing log in file /opt/OCSInventory-Server/ocs_server_setup.log

+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for database server properties...              |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Your MySQL client seems to be part of MySQL version 10.5.
Your computer seems to be running MySQL 4.1 or higher, good ;-)

Which host is running database server [localhost] ?
OK, database server is running on host localhost ;-)

On which port is running database server [3306] ?
OK, database server is running on port 3306 ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache web server daemon...              |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Where is Apache daemon binary [/usr/sbin/httpd] ?
OK, using Apache daemon /usr/sbin/httpd ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache main configuration file...          |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

ocsinventory-server: Bad setting. `IPDISCOVER_LINK_TAG_NETWORK` is not set. Default: `0`
ocsinventory-server: Can't load SOAP::Transport::HTTP* - Web service will be unavailable
AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using fe80::21b:fe6b:acba:a137. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to suppress this message
ocsinventory-server: Bad setting. `IPDISCOVER_LINK_TAG_NETWORK` is not set. Default: `0`
ocsinventory-server: Can't load SOAP::Transport::HTTP* - Web service will be unavailable
AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using fe80::21b:fe6b:acba:a137. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to suppress this message
Where is Apache main configuration file [/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf] ?
OK, using Apache main configuration file /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache user account...                    |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Which user account is running Apache web server [apache] ?
OK, Apache is running under user account apache ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache group...                          |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Which user group is running Apache web server [apache] ?
OK, Apache is running under users group apache ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache Include configuration directory...   |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Setup found Apache Include configuration directory in
/etc/httpd/conf.d.
Setup will put OCS Inventory NG Apache configuration in this directory.
Where is Apache Include configuration directory [/etc/httpd/conf.d] ?
OK, Apache Include configuration directory /etc/httpd/conf.d found ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for PERL Interpreter...                      |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Found PERL interpreter at </usr/bin/perl> ;-)
Where is PERL interpreter binary [/usr/bin/perl] ?
OK, using PERL interpreter /usr/bin/perl ;-)


Do you wish to setup Communication server on this computer ([y]/n)?


+----------------------------------------------------------+
|             Checking for Make utility...                 |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

OK, Make utility found at </usr/bin/make> ;-)

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|        Checking for Apache mod_perl version...           |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Checking for Apache mod_perl version 1.99_22 or higher
Found that mod_perl version 1.99_22 or higher is available.
OK, Apache is using mod_perl version 1.99_22 or higher ;-)

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|    Checking for Communication server log directory...    |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Communication server can create detailed logs. This logs can be enabled
by setting integer value of LOGLEVEL to 1 in Administration console
menu Configuration.
Where to put Communication server log directory [/var/log/ocsinventory-server] ?
OK, Communication server will put logs into directory /var/log/ocsinventory-server ;-)

+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|    Checking for Communication server plugins configuration directory...    |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Communication server need a directory for plugins configuration files. 
Where to put Communication server plugins configuration files [/etc/ocsinventory-server/plugins] ?
OK, Communication server will put plugins configuration files into directory /etc/ocsinventory-server/plugins ;-)

+-------------------------------------------------------------------+
|   Checking for Communication server plugins perl directory...     |
+-------------------------------------------------------------------+

Communication server need a directory for plugins Perl modules files.
Where to put Communication server plugins Perl modules files [/etc/ocsinventory-server/perl] ?
OK, Communication server will put plugins Perl modules files into directory /etc/ocsinventory-server/perl ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for required Perl Modules...                 |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Checking for DBI PERL module...
Found that PERL module DBI is available.
Checking for Apache::DBI PERL module...
Found that PERL module Apache::DBI is available.
Checking for DBD::mysql PERL module...
Found that PERL module DBD::mysql is available.
Checking for Compress::Zlib PERL module...
Found that PERL module Compress::Zlib is available.
Checking for XML::Simple PERL module...
Found that PERL module XML::Simple is available.
Checking for Net::IP PERL module...
Found that PERL module Net::IP is available.
Checking for Archive::Zip Perl module...
Found that PERL module Archive::Zip is available.


Do you wish to setup Rest API server on this computer ([y]/n)?

+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for REST API Dependencies ...                     |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Found that PERL module Mojolicious::Lite is available.
Found that PERL module Switch is available.
Found that PERL module Plack::Handler is available.

+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Configuring REST API Server files ...                      |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Where do you want the API code to be store [/usr/lib64/perl5/vendor_perl] ?
Copying files to /usr/lib64/perl5/vendor_perl

+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Configuring REST API Server configuration files ...        |
+----------------------------------------------------------+


+----------------------------------------------------------+
|                 OK, looks good ;-)                       |
|                                                          |
|     Configuring Communication server Perl modules...     |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Writing Makefile for Apache::Ocsinventory

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|                 OK, looks good ;-)                       |
|                                                          |
|      Preparing Communication server Perl modules...      |
+----------------------------------------------------------+


+----------------------------------------------------------+
|                 OK, prepare finshed ;-)                  |
|                                                          |
|     Installing Communication server Perl modules...      |
+----------------------------------------------------------+


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| OK, Communication server Perl modules install finished;-)|
|                                                          |
|     Creating Communication server log directory...       |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Creating Communication server log directory /var/log/ocsinventory-server.

Fixing Communication server log directory files permissions.
Configuring logrotate for Communication server.
Removing old communication server logrotate file /etc/logrotate.d/ocsinventory-NG
Writing communication server logrotate to file /etc/logrotate.d/ocsinventory-server


+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|        OK, Communication server log directory created ;-)            |
|                                                                      |
|   Creating Communication server plugins configuration directory...   |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+

Creating Communication server plugins configuration directory /etc/ocsinventory-server/plugins.


+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| OK, Communication server plugins configuration directory created ;-) |
|                                                                      |
|        Creating Communication server plugins Perl directory...       |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+

Creating Communication server plugins Perl directory /etc/ocsinventory-server/perl.


+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|     OK, Communication server plugins Perl directory created ;-)      |
|                                                                      |
|               Now configuring Apache web server...                   |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+

To ensure Apache loads mod_perl before OCS Inventory NG Communication Server,
Setup can name Communication Server Apache configuration file
'z-ocsinventory-server.conf' instead of 'ocsinventory-server.conf'.
Do you allow Setup renaming Communication Server Apache configuration file
to 'z-ocsinventory-server.conf' ([y]/n) ?
OK, using 'z-ocsinventory-server.conf' as Communication Server Apache configuration file
Removing old communication server configuration to file /etc/httpd/conf.d/ocsinventory.conf
Writing communication server configuration to file /etc/httpd/conf.d/z-ocsinventory-server.conf

+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|       OK, Communication server setup successfully finished ;-)       |
|                                                                      |
| Please, review /etc/httpd/conf.d/z-ocsinventory-server.conf |
|         to ensure all is good. Then restart Apache daemon.           |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+


Do you wish to setup Administration Server (Web Administration Console)
on this computer ([y]/n)?

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|    Checking for Administration Server directories...     |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

CAUTION: Setup now install files in accordance with Filesystem Hierarchy
Standard. So, no file is installed under Apache root document directory
(Refer to Apache configuration files to locate it).
If you're upgrading from OCS Inventory NG Server 1.01 and previous, YOU
MUST REMOVE (or move) directories 'ocsreports' and 'download' from Apache
root document directory.
If you choose to move directory, YOU MUST MOVE 'download' directory to
Administration Server writable/cache directory (by default
/var/lib/ocsinventory-reports), especially if you use deployment feature.

Do you wish to continue ([y]/n)?
Assuming directories 'ocsreports' and 'download' removed from
Apache root document directory.

Where to copy Administration Server static files for PHP Web Console
[/usr/share/ocsinventory-reports] ?
OK, using directory /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports to install static files ;-)

Where to create writable/cache directories for deployment packages,
administration console logs, IPDiscover and SNMP [/var/lib/ocsinventory-reports] ?
OK, writable/cache directory is /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
|         Checking for required Perl Modules...            |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Checking for DBI PERL module...
Found that PERL module DBI is available.
Checking for DBD::mysql PERL module...
Found that PERL module DBD::mysql is available.
Checking for XML::Simple PERL module...
Found that PERL module XML::Simple is available.
Checking for Net::IP PERL module...
Found that PERL module Net::IP is available.

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|      Installing files for Administration server...       |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Creating PHP directory /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports.
Copying PHP files to /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports.
Fixing permissions on directory /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports.
Creating database configuration file /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports/dbconfig.inc.php.
Creating IPDiscover directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/ipd.
Fixing permissions on directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/ipd.
Creating packages directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/download.
Fixing permissions on directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/download.
Creating snmp mibs directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/snmp.
Fixing permissions on directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/snmp.
Creating Administration server log files directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/logs.
Fixing permissions on directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/logs.
Creating Administration server scripts log files directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/scripts.
Fixing permissions on directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/scripts.
Configuring IPDISCOVER-UTIL Perl script.
Installing IPDISCOVER-UTIL Perl script.
Fixing permissions on IPDISCOVER-UTIL Perl script.
Writing Administration server configuration to file /etc/httpd/conf.d/ocsinventory-reports.conf

+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|        OK, Administration server installation finished ;-)           |
|                                                                      |
| Please, review /etc/httpd/conf.d/ocsinventory-reports.conf
|          to ensure all is good and restart Apache daemon.            |
|                                                                      |
| Then, point your browser to http://server//ocsreports
|        to configure database server and create/update schema.        |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+


Setup has created a log file /opt/OCSInventory-Server/ocs_server_setup.log. Please, save this file.
If you encounter error while running OCS Inventory NG Management server,
we can ask you to show us its content !

DON'T FORGET TO RESTART APACHE DAEMON !

Enjoy OCS Inventory NG ;-)

[root@ocs OCSInventory-Server]# systemctl restart httpd

WEB配置

打开访问页面http://server//ocsreports
输入配置信息
index
确认其他配置文件,注意红框内信息
index
完成配置
index